The Crisis

400px-Drought

  • 780 million people in the world lack access to an improved source for drinking water1.
  • 61 percent of people in sub-Saharan Africa still don’t have access to safe drinking water1.
  • Lack of access to safe drinking water contributes to the staggering burden of diarrheal disease worldwide.
  • Nearly one in five child deaths – about 1.5 million each year – is due to diarrhea1.
  • LifeStraw® addresses cryptosporidium, which was recently found to be a leading cause of diarrheal illness in children under five and is attributed to higher mortality in children under two.4.
  • Point-of-use (POU) treatments such as LifeStraw® Family 2.0 can accelerate the health gains associated with the provision of safe drinking water to at-risk populations, which is important for children under five and people living with HIV.
  • Improvement of drinking-water quality, such as point-of-use disinfection, could lead to a 45% reduction of diarrhea episodes2.
  • Among all point-of-use water treatment methods, water filters have been shown to be the most effective for reducing diarrheal diseases3.

References:

1 – UNICEF and World Health Organization. 2012. Progress on Drinking Water and Sanitation: 2012 Update. WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation.

2 – United Nations Millennium Project. Health, Dignity, and Development: What Will it Take? 

3 – Clasen, T.F., Roberts, I.G., Rabie, T., Schmidt, W.P., & Cairncross, S. 2006. Interventions to improve water quality for preventing diarrhea. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews,(3), CD004794.

4 – Kotloff K, Nataro J, Blackwelder W, Nasrin D, Farag TH, Panchalingham S. 2013. Burden and aetiology of diarrhoeal disease in infants and young children in developing countries (the Global Enteric Multicenter Study, GEMS): a prospective, case-control study. Lancet.